Heart disease: not old age

Posted on July 10, 2022 | author Dr. Zubair Rashid

May 31, 2022. Evening of a bush in the City of Joy. Krishnakumar Kunnath (KK) appears to be in good health and had fans singing in the Nazrul Mancha hall. He had complained about some uneasiness during the performance but he continued the show.

No one knew then that this would be his last concert. KK died of cardiac arrest. He was taken to CMRI Hospital, where he was pronounced dead. He was 53 years old.

The loss again raised the alarm about the rising incidence of heart disease or cardiovascular disease among young Indians. Also of concern is the fact that the median age of cardiovascular disease in India is a decade younger than in Western countries, and it is one of the most common causes of death among men aged 35-54.

Heart disease is not attributed to a single cause because it is multifactorial in nature.

Let’s be honest, the world is witnessing alarming rates of lifestyle-related health conditions such as high cholesterol, obesity and diabetes, and we are currently the victims of environmental hazards. The good news is that sometimes chopped pizza with cheese or butter chicken won’t cause a heart problem. The bad news is, if it becomes a habit, the bad effects will manifest as deposits or plaques in the arteries. These plaques narrow the arteries which eventually leads to high blood pressure, and leads to cardiovascular disease.

So what is the solution? The answer is very simple but most of us neglect it – follow a healthy lifestyle!

Here’s how.

8 things you can do to prevent heart disease

1. Know your risks

Doctors are shocked by the high rate of heart problems among young people in India. If you are between 40 and 75 years old and have never had a heart attack or stroke. Certain factors can increase the risk, such as smoking, kidney disease, or having a family history of early heart disease. Stress is the most important and most researched modifiable risk factor. Knowing your risk factors can help you and your health care team decide the best treatment plan for you. Many risk factors can be improved with lifestyle changes.

2. Eat a healthy diet

Remember, not eating or eating less, skipping meals, and constant fasting never helps. We get a lot of conflicting messages about what foods are best for us. We know that some things may be dangerous to our hearts, but we may not know to what extent. Make your food plan focus on vegetables, fruits, whole grains, legumes, nuts, plant proteins, lean animal proteins, and fish. Make smart choices like limiting refined carbohydrates, processed meats, and sweetened drinks. Use the Nutrition Facts label on packaged foods to reduce sodium, added sugars and saturated fats, and avoid trans fats. Meal planning can help.

3. Be physically active

Going for a walk every day, working out in the gym, or playing a regular sport doesn’t mean…that’s it…The activity should be tailored to scenarios of diet, work, and weight. Move More – It’s one of the best ways to stay healthy, prevent disease and age well. Adults should get at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous activity each week. If you are already active, you can increase your intensity to get more benefits. If you are not active now, start simply by sitting less and moving more. Sitting is the ‘new smoking’

4. Watch your weight

If you exercise or play sports, you are not deficient yet, which means that your activity or diet is not in line with what you are aiming for. Start rethinking, inventing exercise plans, adjusting your diet/diet schedule or whatever it takes to reduce your belly. Maintain a healthy weight for you. Lose weight if you are overweight or obese. Start eating fewer calories and move more. You can check and recheck your body mass index (BMI) regularly.

5. Live tobacco/alcohol free

The Biden administration wants to reduce nicotine levels in all cigarettes sold in the United States. This is the powerlessness of addiction. If you don’t smoke or use tobacco products, never start. There is no such thing as a safe tobacco product. If quitting smoking or tobacco is a challenge for you, ask your team to help kick the habit using proven methods. Do not substitute one source of tobacco for another. And try to avoid secondhand smoke, such as electronic cigars, NRT.

6. Condition management

If you have high blood pressure (hypertension), high cholesterol, high blood sugar, diabetes or other conditions that put you at greater risk, it is very important to work with your health care team and make lifestyle changes. Get an annual checkup for your medical conditions.

7. take your medicine

If you have a health condition, your doctor may prescribe statins or other medications to help control cholesterol, blood sugar, and blood pressure. Consult your doctor to evaluate your condition and to reduce or increase the doses of medications you are taking.

8. Be a team player

Your health care team can help you reduce your risk of heart disease To live a longer and healthier life. Work together on your prevention plan from time to time. Ask questions and be open about any challenges you may face in trying to make healthy changes.

Bottom line?

Live well today for a healthier tomorrow.

As the legend said, “Choti si hai Zindagi, Kal mil Jaye toh hogi khushnaseebi,” let us do everything we can to make Choti si Zindagi healthy.

(The author is Senior Consultant Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgeon, Nora Hospital, Srinagar)

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *